Artificial insemination by the donor is only performed if the woman is married or in a registered partnership and requires the written consent of the spouse or partner.  This law has now been amended to allow single women to access government-funded fertility treatments, although long waiting lists can be prohibitive.  Sperm and ova donation should be standardized in India. People should be aware that if both or one of the couples are infertile, they should not break down and use ART procedures to conceive a baby. A person who donates eggs or sperm should not be ashamed at all, it is an individual`s pride that he/she has been helpful in creating new life in the world. If the ART 2020 Regulation Bill is approved and enacted, millions of couples will be happy to have parenthood comfortably. In a conservative society like India, awareness of ART should be generalized and such laws should be implemented to expand women`s reproductive rights. And these laws should also give the donor some recognition and security throughout the process, so that more and more young men and women come forward to help someone else get pregnant. Prabha Kotiswaran, professor of law and social justice at King`s College London, echoed Kumar`s concerns when she said that despite these laws, poor women can still engage in illegal transactions but have no recourse for medical or other complications. A sperm donor is a man who donates sperm containing sperm to a woman or couple trying to get pregnant. The donor must give consent before accepting any type of donation in a clinic.
The donor must be anonymous to the woman or couple to whom the sperm is transferred; However, the clinic should keep records of donor data. The donor has no parental rights over the offspring produced with the help of such donation. According to ICMR, a sperm donor in India should only be approached through a sperm bank. The law states that there can be no more than six births per donor. The same law applies to egg donation. Before the law was changed in 2008, clinics set their own limits on the number of children produced by each donor. Spain became a destination for fertility tourists, i.e. women who wanted to get pregnant using donor sperm and Spanish clinics bought donor sperm from other countries to meet the demand (see resale in the main article). Many British women travelled to Spain at the time to be fertilised with sperm imported from clinics in the UK, for example, where there were already controls on how many children each donor could produce.
Nowadays, we can often see news about egg and sperm donations. The way society develops, the way the new generation develops. Many boys and girls willingly donate eggs and sperm to fertility clinics. Even many Bollywood films have also introduced the concept of surrogacy, as well as sperm and egg donation. Women who are physically unable to conceive and carry a full-term baby are really helped by these processes. In 2005, the Indian Council of Medical Research (ICMR) issued guidelines to regulate clinics that offer assisted reproduction procedures (including surrogacy procedures). The guidelines provide for the registration of clinics that offer ART services, allow single women and couples to access ART services, and allow ART banks to compensate donors. The Directives contain separate provisions on surrogacy and surrogacy compensation. The willingness to donate eggs is the essential first step of an egg donor.
In addition, there are certain requirements and tests that the donor must meet to become a suitable egg donor. They read as follows: The bill allows married infertile couples and women up to a certain age to order antiretroviral treatment procedures. It also sets age ranges for gamete donors. It imposes conditions such as egg donors must be married and have a child at least three years old, which is a little different from ICMR`s guidelines. Clients must protect egg donors from risk. It also indicates that national and state bodies will be established to regulate LDC services. Providers reported that couples` main concerns regarding the use of donor sperm were the lack of a genetic link and the man`s concerns about his status in the shared family. A provider shared the case of a couple where the husband, even after agreeing to use donor sperm, left his wife. Although most sellers feel that attitudes towards the use of donated gametes have changed, especially if secrecy can be maintained, the use of donated material is still perceived as socially unacceptable.
Some felt that couples were no longer as focused on caste and skin colour as they used to be, in desperation to have a child. However, concerns are raised about the donor`s education, employment status, religion and medical history. One of the suppliers explained. Dr. Bavishi said this is another obstacle. “There are antiretroviral clinics in small towns where maintaining banks is not possible because of economies of scale. Clinics should be allowed to screen donors or collect eggs – frozen eggs should be transported to remote areas and are not as effective as fresh eggs,” he said. Many countries have restrictions on who can be the recipient of the donated sperm. Some countries limit donations to married heterosexual couples (e.g., Japan and Switzerland), and some to married heterosexual or same-sex couples, while others allow donations to married couples or people in partnership. In some countries, such as France, single women and lesbian couples cannot be treated with donor sperm. Some jurisdictions have no restrictions on who can receive donated sperm. In some countries, only a husband`s sperm can be used for insemination.
[ref. This article was written by Paridhi Goel of Amity Law School, Noida. This is a comprehensive article that discusses the laws that govern egg and sperm donation in our country, as well as a discussion of whether the current guidelines effectively cover the donation process. A woman usually turns to a fertility clinic for egg or egg donation. Similarly, a man should turn to a sperm bank/sperm clinic to donate his sperm in order to help another reproduce. These assisted reproductive technology (ART) clinics have an obligation to these donors and are legally required to perform these tasks. In Sweden, a donor can give a child to up to six couples. However, each couple can also have a sibling.
Thus, the limit is 12 children per donor.   Nevertheless, the Swedish National Board of Health and Welfare (Socialstyrelsen) recommends a maximum of 6 children per donor.  According to the World Health Organization (WHO), out of a population of 1000 million Indians, about 13 to 19 million couples are currently trying to become parents because one or both partners are infertile. Most of these couples seek help from advanced assisted reproduction procedures such as in vitro fertilization (IVF) or intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI), where egg donation by a woman and sperm donation by men is an essential part of the whole process. Thus, a gift from one person can not only bring new life into this world, but also end the psychological trauma that many infertile couples experience. However, there are legal rules that every donor must follow to prevent certain health risks, such as egg donation by girls at a young age. Legal awareness of this issue is important so that no one can benefit from the donor and the donation process runs smoothly. Some sellers disagreed with the guidelines, believing that parentage and deficiency issues could be resolved by using the parents` sperm and/or eggs.
Some providers felt that the practice of using replacement eggs and embryos without the informed consent of couples and using untested fresh or mixed sperm was unethical. They strongly believed that ART could become a scam due to the unethical use of donated gametes.