In 2021, the abortion rate was 12 abortions per 1,000 women aged 15 to 44.  Some 90 million women live in countries where abortion is not permitted under any circumstances, although it may be necessary to save women`s lives. However, Russia`s efforts to improve abortion prevention have largely failed to reverse its looming demographic crisis, with the country`s population expected to decline by 352,500 in 2020, down from 32,100 in 2019. In March, Deputy Prime Minister Tatiana Golikova said the number of abortions in Russia had fallen by 39 percent since 2016. The following table shows the general details of each country`s legal position on abortion. In the 2000s, the steady decline of the Russian population (due to both negative birth rates and low life expectancy) became a major cause for concern, even forcing the military to restrict conscription due to the shortage of young men. On 21 October 2011, the Russian Parliament adopted a law limiting abortion to the first 12 weeks of pregnancy, with the exception of the 22nd week if the pregnancy is the result of rape and can be performed for medical reasons at any time during pregnancy.  The new law also requires a waiting period of two to seven days before an abortion can be performed so that the woman can “reconsider her decision.”  Abortions can only be performed in licensed facilities (usually hospitals or women`s clinics) and by doctors with specialized training. The doctor may refuse to perform the abortion, except for abortions for medical necessity.  The new law is stricter than the previous one, as under the old law, abortions were allowed after 12 weeks for broader socio-economic reasons, whereas under the current law, such abortions are only allowed in cases of serious medical problems with the mother or fetus or in cases of rape.
About 360 million women live in countries where abortion is only allowed to save women`s lives. These countries are: Mexico, Guatemala, Panama, Venezuela, Brazil, Paraguay, Chile in Latin America; Côte d`Ivoire, Mali, Nigeria, Libya, Sudan, South Sudan, Gabon, Uganda, Tanzania, Malawi and Somalia in Africa; Lebanon, Syria, Yemen, Oman, United Arab Emirates, Iran and Afghanistan in the Middle East; Sri Lanka, Bangladesh, Bhutan, Myanmar, Indonesia, Brunei and Papua New Guinea in Southeast Asia. According to the Russian Criminal Code (art. 123), abortion performed by a person who does not have a medical degree and specialized training is punishable by a fine of up to 800,000 roubles; a fine of up to 8 months of the convicted person`s income; community service from 100 to 240 hours; or by imprisonment of 1 to 2 years. In cases where the illegal abortion has resulted in the death of the pregnant woman or has seriously damaged her health, the convicted person is liable to imprisonment for up to 5 years. But even if anti-abortion activists indulge in exaggerations, there is reason to believe that the role of abortion in Russian culture needs to be corrected. Many Russian women use abortion as their only method of birth control, and official figures show that nearly 930,000 women terminate a pregnancy each year. This figure is half of what it was in 1995 and one-seventh in 1965 for the Soviet Union, when abortions nearly tripled the number of births. But the per capita abortion rate is much higher than in other European countries or the United States.
Russia, for example, has a ratio of about 480 abortions per 1,000 live births, while the United States has about 200; the latest statistics available in Germany from 2015 show 135 abortions per 1,000 births. Abortion was permanently legalized in the United States by the Supreme Court`s Roe v. Wade decision in 1973. However, each state has its own legal guidelines for abortion, some being much more restrictive than others. In fact, prior to Row v Wade, 30 states had completely banned abortion, and while all 50 states complied with the federal decision to decriminalize abortion, many passed laws restricting abortion as much as the law allows. Even the majority of Russians who are in favor of legalizing abortion admit that there may be a problem. A recent TV commercial for Durex condoms on the TNT youth channel sums up the words well: “Women!” shouts a man`s voice. “One in three people has had an abortion.
Why not try Durex instead? Russia`s anti-abortion movement has gained momentum in recent months as activists — usually devout members of the influential Russian Orthodox Church — have begun to use the country`s demographic crisis as an urgent reason to ban the practice. They also began citing Russia`s new commitment to a forward-looking stance on the world stage, from the wars in Syria and Ukraine to the diplomatic crisis over North Korea. The results for this question were as follows: Of the reasons given by urban women, 35% were unconditionally removable, 16.5% conditionally removable, 10% non-removable and 37.9% uncertain. Of the reasons given by rural women, 26.3 per cent were unconditional, 18 per cent conditional, 10 per cent not removable and 45.2 per cent uncertain. The most striking difference was that more urban women cited lack of space as a reason. The survey results revealed that abortion rates were much higher among working women, with a rate of 105.5 abortions per thousand pregnancies, compared to 41.5 per thousand among women who did not work. Abortions are legal in Canada and do not require a compelling legal reason (such as rape or health risks) as long as they occur before the pregnancy period, which ranges from 12 weeks to “24 weeks + 6 days” depending on the province and territory. Abortions were banned in most cases until 1988, when the Supreme Court of Canada struck down laws that made abortions illegal.
Abortions are part of the services covered by Canada`s national health care system. If the abortion is performed in a regular hospital, the patient will not be charged. Abortions performed in private clinics may require the patient to pay medical expenses. Prime Minister Mikhail Mishustin and regional leaders will be tasked with reassessing Russia`s abortion prevention strategies and developing mechanisms to increase funding for medical organizations that improve their abortion prevention rates, according to Putin`s order released Saturday. The Soviet Union was the first state in the world to legalize abortion in 1920, and the practice remained popular in post-Soviet Russia. Putin has resisted proposals from other government officials to ban the procedure. Australia and New Zealand also grant the right to abortion on demand, with women being able to request an abortion between 16 and 24 weeks in Australia (depending on the state) and up to 20 weeks in New Zealand.